This cut from Burnley Express’s July 11, 1891 issue indicates that Stoke and Darwen were waiting to see what colors Burnley would record if Wolves adopted orange and blue to avoid colliding with Sunderland. Did you know that football kits manufacturers must follow a 104-page FIFA equipment regulation guide when designing kits for matches such as the World Cup?? We looked at FIFA’s strict kit regulations in detail and revealed that manufacturers were anything but free when designing their shirts for the 2018 World Cup .
In the first FA Cup final in 1872, Wanderers wore pink, black and cherry while his opponents, The Royal Engineers, played in dark red and navy blue shirts. The game was played almost exclusively by upper middle class men and small aristocracy, men who could afford to buy a shirt in the colors of their club from their tailor. That said, smooth white shirts were very popular, relatively inexpensive and easily available.
It is normal for individual competitions to specify that all field players in a team must use the same colors, although the law only states: “The two teams must use colors that distinguish them from each other and also the referee and assistant referees.”. In 1962, Jimmy Hill attempted to revive the Coventry team that failed to reach his “Sky Blue Revolution,” including a smart kit for players. Chelsea, Liverpool and Aberdeen embraced the idea of setting a trend that led to the disappearance of many beloved traditional designs in favor of matching shirts and shorts, sometimes with contrasting stockings.
To prevent such situations from progressing, FIFA now requires manufacturers to submit all designs a year in advance. In 2003, Puma, now a major player in the world football kits market, designed a dramatic asymmetrical design for Fulham, a trend that was adopted by other clubs the following season. Another design innovation was the introduction of the 360 degree concept, with features that can only be seen from the back of the strip. This trend was reinforced by regulations requiring the numbers and names on the back of the shirts to be printed on a solid background. As a result, striped and hoop shirts were generally designed with a single solid color panel on the back.
In 1909, in an effort to help referees identify the goalkeeper among a group of players, the rules were changed to determine that the goalkeeper should wear a shirt of a different color from his teammates. Initially it was specified that the goalkeeper’s shirts should be scarlet or really blue, but when green was added as the third option in 1912, he realized as soon as almost all goalkeepers played green. During this period, goalkeepers generally wore a heavy wool garment more like a sweater than shirts worn by field players. Sports rules specify the minimum kit a player must use and also prohibit the use of anything dangerous to the player or other participant. Individual matches may impose additional restrictions, such as arranging the size of the logos on the shirts and requiring the visiting team to switch to different colored clothes in a match between teams of identical or similar colors.
The gigantic German sportswear maker Adidas, who enjoyed a close monopoly in Europe, appeared on the English scene in 1977 when they supplied Ipswich Town and Middlesbrough with their iconic three-strip kit. In 1891 Aston Villa wore burgundy shirts for the first time with contrasting light blue sleeves and a striking neckband. Several shirts were adopted in the next two seasons before this style reappeared in 1894 and remained virtually unchanged for over 60 years. When Wolves traveled to Sunderland in September 1890, both hosts and visitors were left with red and white stripes. To avoid a recurrence, the clubs were commissioned in the 1891 AVA to capture their colors for the following season, with the provision that not two clubs could register the same colors.
Most games took place within a club, school or university, and the idea of inter-cup games took a while to catch up. When they did, teams could consist of 9 to 18 players and it was common for different codes to be used retro football kits in the first and second half. Designers will always have natural limitations that arise from the traditions of a club: for example, a local Liverpool or Manchester United t-shirt should always be predominantly red.
It could have been so different for the old woman in Italian football if they had kept their original equipment. When they started playing, they wore pink tops with black ties, a shirt made by one of the players’ parents. The problem was that the color faded too quickly with each wash, so they needed something easier to maintain. One of the team members was an Englishman named John Savage and one of his friends lived in Nottingham. He was duly obliged and, as a fan of Notts County, sent a load of black and white striped shirts from the club he loved.
It is normal for individual competitions to specify that all field players in a team should use the same colors, although the law only states that “the two teams should use colors that distinguish them from each other and also the referee and assistant referees”. In the event of a match between teams that would normally use identical or similar colors, the visiting team must change to a different color. Because of this requirement, a team’s second option is often known as the “distance kit” or “distance colors”, although it is not unknown, especially internationally, for teams to choose to use their colors away even if they are not needed by a color shock, or use them at home. The English national team sometimes plays in red shirts, even if not necessary, as this was the strip used when the team won the 1966 FIFA World Cup.
When Hibs and Liverpool split up, mold clubs began to exploit the potential proceeds from the sale of T-shirt sponsorship. BBC and ITV companies refused to broadcast matches in sponsored shirts, forcing clubs to remove sponsors’ logos when cameras were present. Coventry City thought they were winning when they unveiled a kit incorporating the Talbot car company logo into their design, but television companies boycott them until they introduced an alternative strip for television games. It was extremely rare for clubs to wear matching shirts and shorts, although Swansea Town has always worn everything white. After this, the visiting team is expected to use a kit that is not shocking with the colors of the other team’s house . Finally, the local team goalkeeper and the visiting team goalkeeper choose their shirts, taking care not to collide with another player or officer in the match.